A Village at War

Roll of Honour, War Memorial, Gardens

The Great War 1914- 1918

George Atack – Joseph Atack occupied the farm, house and land at Farfield, Arthington Lane. Son of Joseph and Elizabeth Atack, Wetherby. Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment)2/5 Battalion No.266985. Killed in action 27.11.1917. Cemetary: Cambrai Memorial Louverval, Nord France. Grave Panel 6 and 7.

Frank Bradford died 28th Sept. 1916. Yorkshire Regiment. Grave: Regina Tranch Cemetery, Grandcourt, Somme.

John Edwin Coxon

John Edwin Coxon lived at Fir Tree Cottages, now demolished is now Shell petrol station. Private in Northumberland Fusiliers 20th (Tynside Scottish) Bn. Died 9.4.1917 aged 31. Service No. 38637. Son of Edwin and the late Anne Coxon of Pool. Married to Lilian E. Doherty (formerly Coxon) of Manchester. Grave Ref. I.B.12. Cemetery Bailleul Road East Cemetery, St. Laurent-Blangy, Pas de Calais, France.

Maurice Dawson, Private in Northumberland Fusiliers, 2nd Bn. Died 24.4.1915 aged 38. Service No. 9724. Husband of Frances Dawson of 3 Lambert’s Yard, Gay Lane, Otley. Grave Ref. Panel 8 and 12. Cemetery: Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium.

Albert Lewis Denton

Albert Lewis Denton. Gunner in Royal Artillery “D” Bty. 247th Bde. Died 27.6.1916 age 21. Service No. 877. Son of Albert Thomas and Margaret Hannah Denton of Grimthorpe St. Headingley, Leeds, Native of Pool. Grave Ref. III.D.5. Cemetery: Mesnil Communal Cemetery Extension, Somme, France.

Harold Ellis Denton

Harold Ellis Denton D.C.M. Sergeant. Duke of Wellington’s Regiment. Killed in France, buried in Belgium. Wounded and gassed at Hill 60. After recuperating at home returned to duty and was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his gallantry in raiding a German dugout on July 18th. On 8th Aug 1918, whilst at the head of his company leading an attack against the enemy, he was shot in the head and killed.

Arthur Denton

Arthur Denton son of Harry & Clara Denton died from war wounds after developing shell-shock and died 14.12.1928. Brother of Harold Ellis Denton, above.

John Alfred Dennison . Private in West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales’s Own) 12th Bn. Died 13.4.1917. Service No. 37962. Grave Ref. Bay 4. Cemetery: Arras Memorial, Pas de Calais, France.

Leonard Foster Second Lieutenant in West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales’s Own) 15th Bn. Died in London 13.8.1916 after wounded in Battle of Somme 1.7.1916 age 27. Cemetery: St. Wilfrid Churchyard, Pool. Son of Jn. Wm. Foster of The Prospect (Overdale Manor), Old Pool Bank, Pool

Charles Harrison. Private in West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales Own) 17th Bn. Died 31.8.1917, age 31. Service No. 41484. Grave: Pier and Face 2 A 2 C and 2 D. Cemetery: Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France. Husband of Lily Ann Harrison of “Hazeldene”, Pool.

Charles Thompson Hill. Stoker, last ship H.M.S Apollo. Died on 3.12.1918 age 27 of chronic uramia. Buried in Leeds General Cemetery. Born at Old Pool Bank. Son of William & Priscilla Hill.

Charles Cyril Hopper. Private in the Tank Corps “H” Bn. Died 1.12.1917. Service No. 78568. Grave Panel 13. Cemetery: Cambrai Memorial, Louverval, Northern France.

John Cunliffe Johnstone Private in Honourable Artillery Company lst Bn. Died 23.4.1917. Service No. 3610. Grave Bay l Cemetery: Arras Memorial, Pas de Calais, France. Stained glass window in his memory unveiled and dedicated on 11th Aug. 1918 at St. Wilfrid’s Church Pool, where he often read the Lesson and taught in Sunday School. Lived at The Tower, Arthington Lane.

Hugh Noel Johnstone 2nd Ltnt. 2/8 Btn. West Yorkshire Regiment (Leeds Rifles-Prince of Wales Own). Joined 1915, invalided out through dementia in 1916, died 1.6.1921 aged 25. Buried Gt. Salkeld, St. Cuthbert Churchyard, Cumbria. Youngest son of John D. & Kate Johnstone, The Tower, Pool. Was employed in father’s woollen business.

Herbert Coward Proud. Lived Valley View, Old Pool Bank. Private in the East Yorkshire Regiment 7th Bn. Died 9.2.1917. Service No. 28282. Grave/Memorial Ref. Pier and Face 2 C. Cemetery Thiepval Memorial, The Somme, France.

Bertram Jowett Pepper. Lived at Brook Cottage, Mill Lane. Corporal in the Royal Field Artillery. Unit Text: “D”Bty. 321th Bde. Died 26.5.1917. Service No. 786074. Son of Clarice Helena Pepper and the late Herbert Pepper. Born Pool. Grave Ref. III. B.29. Cemetery: H.A.C. Cemetery, Ecoust-St.Mein, Pas de Calais, France.

William Stanley Whiteley

William Stanley Whiteley born in Pool 16.7.1891 died of wounds received in action 3.11.1917. Son Samuel Whiteley of B.S.&. W. Whiteley Ltd. mill. Gunner in West Riding Howitzer Brigade. Buried at Lyjssenthoek Military Cemetery, Ypes. Was employed by

National Telephone Company. “5 a.m. D/246 heavily shelled whilst manning their guns for the SOS. 10 NCOs and men killed; 47 seriously wounded. 2 officers servants the only ones to escape. Guns much damaged and a good deal of ammunition approx. 2000 rounds destroyed. Battery out of action.”

Thomas William Whiteley born 1883 killed in action in France 23.10.1918. Only son of Benjamin Whiteley of B.S.& W. Whiteley’s paper mill. Private in Machine Gun Corps. (Infantry) 100th Bn. Died aged 35. Service No. 169994. Brother of Mrs. M. H. Barrett of Camp Farm. Bramhope. Native of Pool. Grave Ref. II.A.11. Buried in Highland Cemetery, Le Cateau, North France.

The Battle of Le Cateau 26th August 1914.

“The town remained in German hands until the middle of October 1918. The original cemetery (Plot III) was made by the 50th (Northumbrian) Division after the fighting of 17 October; the name of Highland Cemetery is suggestive at once of the comparatively high ground on which it stands and of the 32 graves of the 13th (Scottish Horse) Battalion.”

Hubert Noel Woffindale, son of Henry and Amelia Woffindale. Gunner in Royal Field Artillery “C” Btn. 277th Bgd. Died 23.9.1917. Cemetery Balleul Communal, Extension (Nord) Grave 11E 155.

Edward Woffindale. Son of Henry and Amelia Woffindale of Chevin View, Pool. Corporal in 10th Bn. Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment). Died age 37 on 20.9.1917. Service No. 11987. Grave Ref:. Panel 82 to 85 and 162 A. Cemetry Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium.

Killed in action in 1914-18 war, but names not on war memorial

Harold Coggill – Corpl, killed in action on 1st July 1916. Buried at Serre Road No.1 Cemetery, West of Serrre, France. Lived at Braeburn, Arthington Lane. Relative of William Mason Cogill, architect (information from house deeds)

Cyril Bernardine Holroyd Rifleman in London Regiment (Queens Westminster Rifles) 1st/16thwounded in action & taken prisoner of war during the attack by the 56th (London) Division, T.F., on the Gommecourt Salient on the first day of the infantry assault of the Somme on 1-7-1916, & died of his wounds at a German field hospital. Died 8.7.1916, aged 20. Service No. 4381. Son of Rosaline Holroyd of 2 Beechwood Drive, Jordanhill, Glasgow and the late Frederick William Holroyd. Grave 111.AA.17. Cemetery: St. Souplet British Cemetery, Northern France. (Name on plaque in St. Wilfrid’s Church). (He was a member of the Denton family and lived in Otley.)

Veterans of WW1 assembled around War Memorial 1923

Names of some of people are:

Mr. Gardener, Billy Tankard, Bert Whithead, Snr. Rev. Maddrell, vicar, Jack Edwards, Herbert Pickard, Joe Whiteley, Eddie Oates, Harry Davey and Arthur Denton (in bathchair)

Second World War 1939-1945

Harold Davey

Harold Davey lived at High Mill . Son of Harry and Ida Davey of Pool. Reported “Missing presumed dead 27th June 1944”. Lance Corporal in the South Lancashire Regiment. 1st Bn. Killed in Normandy buried at Hermanville Sur Mer, France, aged 21. Service No. 14202541. Casualty Thype: Commonwealth War Dead. Grave/Memorial Ref. 4. A. 8. Unmarried, worked at a green grocers in Bondgate Otley.

On Nov.9th 2008 Harold’s nephew journeyed to Westminster Abbey to place his cross in the British Legion’s “Field of Remembrance”, officially opened by Prince Philip on 6th Nov.2008.

Harry Davey WWI

Harry Davey WW1, father of the above. It took a year before confirmation of Harold’s (above) death and that same month his father Harry, died from wounds received in WW1. He never learned of his son’s death.

Harold Yates Hampson District nurse’s son, Manor Crescent, worked at paper mill, unmarried. A Private in the Pioneer Corps, 40 Coy., Aux. Mil. Died between 26.05.1940 and 2.06.1940 aged 25. Service No. 849925. Son of Wilfred and Mary E. Hampson of Pool. Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead. Grave/Memorial Ref: Column 151. Buried in Dunkirk Memorial Cemetery.

George Holmes, lived on Pool Bank New Road, brother Reg. Worked in business as accountant, unmarried. ** (no record found on War Graves site)

Francis Bertram Kaye –Stephen Kaye & Son, Arthington Lane, unmarried. Sergeant (Pilot) in R.A.F. Volunteer Reserves 64 Sqdn. Died on 1.11.1941 aged 24 in flying accident Nr. Edinburgh. Service No. 1058697. Son of Arthur and Ellen Kaye of Pool. Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead. Grave/Memorial Ref. Sec. G. Grave 549. Cemetery: Otley (Newall-with-Clifton and Lindley) Cemetery. An Associate of Royal British Institute of Architects, was about to take over his father’s family business before being called up.

George Myers . Lived at top of Old Pool Bank. Chief Officer in Merchant Navy. S.S. Medjerda (Swansea) Died aged 53 on 17.3.1941. Husband of Florence Myers of Pool. Son of Thomas and Mary Ellen Myers of Arthington. Commonwealth War Dead Panel 69. Buried in Tower Hill Memorial.

Norman Ray Peel

Norman Ray Peel. Private in the Royal Scots Regiment, lst Btn. Date of death. 11.06.1944. Buried in Kohima War Cemetery, India, (on the battle ground of Garrison Hill) which is 200 km from Indo-Burmese border. April 1944 was the scene of perhaps the most bitter fighting of the whole Burma campaign when a small Commonwealth force held out against repeated attacks by a Japanese Division. The fiercest hand to hand fighting took place in the garden of the Deputy Commissioner’s bungalow around the tennis court, but the heaviest casualties on both sides occurred after relieving forces reached the Garrison and the Japanese were driven off a long wooded spur forming a ridge, so re-opening the road to Imphal. He worked alongside his father, George William Peel at Yeadon Avro factory. (Mother Ada Ann Peel, parents from Otley). Both men left Avro. to join the forces, though they would have been exempt through working at the factory

David Pickard – third from right

David Pickard –139528 Flying Officer Bomb Aimer. On 27 July 1944, Albemarle aircraft serial number P1400, 297 Squadron RAF, took off from RAF Brize Norton at 2300hrs for a special secret operation ‘Harry 41’ over France. Whilst crossing the coast west of Montmartin-sur-Mer the aircraft was attacked by a night fighter, damaging the controls, and the pilot gave the order to bale out. The aircraft crashed in the vicinity of Muneville-sur-Mer at about 0030hrs on 28 July 1944. Three of the crew managed to bale out of the aircraft, but the remainder lost their lives. Their bodies were recovered and they were buried on 31 July 1944. Father was gardener at Pool Hall. Married to Hilda Davey. Was a joiner at Stephen Kaye woodyard, Pool – lived at Huby before marriage. (Full details and photo on www.raf38group.org/muneville)

Norman Stead, lived 9 Park Mount, Old Pool Bank. Sergeant in R.A.F. Volunteer Reserve, 51 Sqdn. Died on 16.01.1942, age 30. Service No: 1378264. Son of Samuel and Elizabeth Stead. Married to Edith of Pool. Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead. Grave/Memorial Reference: Panel 94. Cemetery: Runnymede Memorial.

Wilfred Robert Warren. Lived 12 Park Mount, Old Pool Bank. Air Mechanic 2nd Class in the Royal Navy. Died 21.05.1942 on H.M.S. Daedalus, age 37. Son of Frederick William and Jane Warren. Married to Mabel. of Pool-in-Wharfedale. Grave/Memorial Reference: New Part. Row 4. Grave 85. Cemetery: St. Wilfrid’s churchyard, Pool.

Iraq War 20th March 2003 – April 2009

Matthew Cornish, formerly of Otley. Corporal in 1st Battalion Yorkshire Light Infantry. Died Basra 1st Aug 2006, aged 29. Wounded in a mortar attack. Evacuated by helicopter to Shaibah Logistic Base but later died. The first soldier killed in an attack on a UK military base in Iraq. Married to Abby, children Ethan and Libby. Grave: Hawking Crematorium, Folkestone. Father a resident of Pool.

Since the closure of St. Peter’s church at Arthington, each year at the Pool-in-Wharfedale War Memorial, , the men who lost their lives are remembered.

ARTHINGTON WAR MEMORIAL

“Let those that come after see to it that their names be not forgotten”

1914-1918

Henry Metcalfe Appleton, Capt. In 1st King’s Dragoon Guards died 26th January 1918

Percy Buckborough, West Yorkshire Regiment, died 13th June 1917

Clifford Carrington, Royal Field Artillery killed 28th October, 1916

Obed Samuel Dobbie, King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry died 15th November, 1918

Jabez Buckle Drake, 7th Yorkshire Regiment, missing 12th May 1917

Harry Edmondson, Coldstream Regiment of Footguards, killed 15th Sept. 1916

George Marlborough Fearnley, Seaforth Highlanders died 10th April 1918

Ernest Frank Gains, West Yorkshire Regiment died 1st January 1917

Tom Gains, King’s Royal Rifles, killed 15th September 1916

James Hartley, 21st Divisional Cyclists Corps., killed 25th Jan. 1916

John Day Marshall, 1/7 Duke of Wellington, West Riding Regiment, died 13th April 1918

John Edward Myers, Royal Field Artillery, died 30th January 1917

Thomas Wrightson Myers, 2nd Lt. Northamptonshire Regiment, died 19th Nov. 1917

William Arthur Sands, Royal Garrison Artillery, Gibraltar died 15th March 1917

Arthur Spence, Royal Field Artillery, died 28th July 1918

John Lawson Tempest, 3rd West Yorkshire Regiment, killed 3rd May 1917

Stanley Tempest, King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, killed 1st July 1916

Horace Todd, 1/8 Lancashire Fusiliers, killed 25th March 1918

Richard Croft Ward, Royal Engineers, died 25th April 1916

Charles John Harcourt Sheepshanks Capt., 8th Battalion, Devon Regiment, killed Beckardel Becourt, France 17th March 1916

Ernest Richard Sheepshanks, Reuters Correspondent, age 27, killed in Spain 31st Dec. 1937.

Ernest Richard (Dick) Sheepshank of Arthington Hall was a Reuters correspondent in the Italy-Abyssinia war. Chosen as one of four correspondents covering the Spanish Civil War he was killed whilst his press party were visiting the front line near Turuel in the foothills of the Sierra de Sudar Range, eastern Spain, on 31st December 1937. A bomb exploded in front of his car fired by the Republican lines. He died that day of head wounds. (Travelling in the party was Kim Philby, later exposed as a Russian spy, who escaped with only minor injuries)

1939-1945

John Eric Parkinson, Lt. Queen’s Own Yorkshire Dragoons, killed 27th March 1945

Taken from St. Peter’s 2014

We will remember them.

** Where no record is shown these men will be remembered on the Tombs of the Unknown Warrior and of course are on Pool War Memorial.

Information of War Records from Commonwealth War Graves Commission www.cwgc.org

Sincere thanks to all who provided extra details of those who lost their lives, including the late Jean Wood who provided photos of the opening of the War Memorial.

To see Pool-in-Wharfedale War Memorial details

https://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/22192

A small booklet commemorating those who returned to the village after WW1 was produced in 2014

Researched and compiled by Pat Lazenby

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Mention must also be made of one who survived WW1 and who obtained the M.C. for “conspicuous gallantry and devotion duty” below (members of the Ridealgh family are still living in the village in 2013)

‘Actg Captain Harry Ridealgh, MC

Ridealgh was a Yorkshire Quarryman, an explosives expert from Poole-in-Wharfedale. He started off as a pre-war Territorial Serjeant in the 4th (West Riding) Howitzer Brigade, part of the 49th (West Riding) Division, and landed in France in May 1915. He was granted a temporary commission in November 1915 and served as F.O.O. (Forward Observation Officer) with D-Battery, 276 Brigade Royal Field Artillery.

A complete set of interesting papers is preserved at the National Archives (copy with group). Briefly, the story is he went forward in the “Tank attack” at Cambrai, Novr 1917 and then again in the infantry attack. He held a Forward Observation Post under very heavy shellfire for ten days until the German attack, launched at a weak point in the line, crushed the 55th (west Lancs) Division and all but destroyed several Battalions. Rolling forward, with Ridealgh getting out of his post and retreating back to the Battery, the Howitzer batteries soon began to feel the pressure. Serjeant Gourlay of D-Bty 276 Bde RFA (Ridealgh’s own Battery) won the VC for shooting his Howitzer more “from the hip” than as an artillery piece. At 100-200 yards range, Ridealgh’s Serjeant blasted an enemy machine gun team to Kingdom Come and held up the German attack. At about this time, Ridealgh was blown up by a shell and hit in the stomach and leg with pieces of shell. He extracted the fragments from his stomach with his dirty fingers, this recorded on his medical papers, and so his wound went septic. Lucky to survive a much feared stomach wound, he was not to see action again in the First World War’. 

2nd Lt. Harry Reginald Ridealgh, R.F.A.

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when brigade forward observing officer. He went forward with the infantry and established his post and, while waiting for daylight, started to mop up. In one perfectly dark dug-out he discovered five of the enemy and ordered them out. As they refused he killed two and took the other three prisoners. He afterwards again advanced with the infantry, reached and endeavoured to dismantle two hostile guns which were still red hot with recent firing, and having established another post, remained there passing back information under very heavy shell fire and circumstances of the greatest difficulty until compelled to retire by the hostile counter-attack’.

Lt. H. R. Ridealgh M.C. of the 4th West Riding Brigade resigned his commission on the 23rd Sept 1920, and retained the rank of Lieutenant.

Two other members of the family, Wilfred and Alfred, had emigrated to Canada but returned with the Canadian Overseas Expeditianary Force. Alfred returned to Canada in 1919 with gunshot wounds the result of which he died in 1924.

WAR MEMORIAL & GARDENS

War Memorial land before building War Memorial in 1923

This area of land is shown as containing three cottages on the map prepared for the Lord of the Manor of Pool, Thomas Thornhill in 1756. One of these cottages may well have been a toll bar as it is here a township gate is also shown. The gate was across the small track running alongside Church Lane which was called Lodge Lane. The lane lead to Caley Hall, an old hunting lodge of the Gascoignes of Gawthorp Hall, Harewood in 1550. The land had almost certainly been the property of the Lords of the Manor of Pool for many centuries, lying adjacent to the Manor House. The Tythe map of 1849 shows this area was occupied by William Thompson and called “The Waste Piece”. It had been offered to the Church who refused it. A plan of 1902 now reveals the site held just two cottages named “Chapel Garth”. They no doubt obtained their name from the days when the “church” was a Chapel of Ease. It remained a Chapel of Ease connected to Otley Parish Church until 1879/80 when it became a Church in its own right, known as St. Wilfrid’s. Records show that Richard Oldrede was Pool’s Curate in 1553.

In 1902 a sale of property and land, named The Manor House Estate, was held by the Pullein family (Lords of the Manor of Pool). The area was described as a building site of 693 sq. yards with 139 feet of frontage to the highway. It was sold by “Hannah Pullein and others” to Emily A. Swallow of Troutbeck, Arthington Lane, on Nov 4th 1902, at 2/6d. per yard

On 22nd June 1920 Mrs. Emily Swallow gave the land to the Pool Parish Council for the building of a War Memorial. She made certain conditions: “She is prepared however to give to the people of Pool, for the erection of a War Memorial as described by you, the close of land adjoining the church yard and facing the Main Road. A condition would have to be, that if at any future time, this close of land should cease to be used for the purpose for which it would be given, it should become the property of the Church and join up to the present church yard.” Also that it should never become an eyesore and “detrimental to the Church”.

Eventually, on Aug 4th 1923 the War Memorial was unveiled by Mrs Emily Annie Swallow It was dedicated “To the Men of Pool Parish who gave their Lives in the Great War, 1914-1918”. A bugler who attended was paid ten shillings (50p.) for his services. Money for the War Memorial was donated by the people of the village. Payments ranged from a few pence to one gift of £50. The final total collected was £323.6.1d., which paid for the Memorial including asphalt, iron railings and a wreath.

Official opening of the War Memorial

Official opening of Pool-in-Wharfedale War Memorial on 23rd Aug.1923

A lead casket made and donated by Aldi Tankard, was buried beneath the War Memorial. All the contents are not completely known. They did however include a coin of the realm, list of the fallen, list of the Parish Councillors, copies of the Wharfedale and Leeds Mercury newspapers and “anything which was thought might be of interest in the future.”

Names of the men from the village who died during the second World War and the Iraq war have been added.

The area behind the War Memorial became rather overgrown. In 2001 it was upgraded and made into a very pleasant garden which was designed by Pool based “Guardian Angels”. This was made possible with money obtained from Redrow Homes through the building of the Swallow Housing Estate.

The colourful and attractive Memorial Gardens also have a replica of an old map of Pool dated 1888 showing the history of the village. This is housed in a glass fronted, lockable notice board. The information board is seated on cobble stones recovered from part of the original 1754 section of Pool Bridge during its strengthening in 2002. The notice board area was completed in November 2003. It was made, laid and paid for by volunteers from the village.

Donations: Notice Board made by Steve Winterburn, drawing by Dave Russell and cobbles laid by Fred Russell, shatterproof glass by Pool Parish Council, idea and co-ordinator Pat Lazenby.

Laying the cobbles beneath the Notice Board in in the War Memorial Gardens during November 2003

On behalf of Pool Parish Council an information board was placed alongside the War Memorial in 2014 commemorating those who fell in the recent wars and the building of the Memorial in 1923. Information from Pool Archives.

Full details in Pool Archives

Letter agreeing to the use of the land for a War Memorial by Mrs. Swallow

War Memorial 2018 (100 years after the end of WWI)