Pool is being rapidly modernised, a haunt of anglers and a stopping place for motor-men and cyclistsEdmund Bogg’s Descriptive Guides c. 1900
CALEY LOW ROAD, runs from opposite Overdale Manor and is now no more than a track but is still a public footpath to Caley New Hall and Caley farm through to Otley. This was marked as a road on the Award map of 1774 and ran via Caley and the now demolished 16th century Caley Hall. (on a map of 1756.) to Soldiers Fields to emerge on East Busk Lane, Otley. When it reaches the outskirts of Otley it is called Foul Causeway Lane. When Caley is passed another track goes right to Otley Road and Knotford Nook, which served Knot ford. There are clear signs of another area running from opposite Sandy Lobby, off Old Pool Bank (road) which may have been a deer ”fence”, a relic from when 1820 the owner of Caley Hall at the time, Dr. John Raistrick made the crags and his land to the south into a deer park.
LODGE LANE or “Sludge Lane”, on a map 1756 and named Occupation Road on a map of 1902. This track is still there serving Jane Whiteley Homes and runs between Church Lane and St. Wilfrid’s church. In 1849 this was to be used by Pool House when deeds state ”a right of road too and from the stable, coach house and too and from the ashpit (for the purpose of emptying same and too and from the highway)”. The road in 1756 had a township gate at the entrance near St. Wilfrid’s church, which was possibly another entrance to the Caley Deer Park, Caley Lodge and Caley Hall, hence the name of Lodge Lane. The lane ran from the side of St. Wilfrids Church running up the hill joining with the above track to Caley and Otley – the stone gate posts can still be seen where it joined Old Pool Bank. Both tracks can also still be seen. On a map of 1756 roughly in the area of Church Close was a field called Rise Bridge which means a road through marshland prepared with brushwood. These tracks would possibly be used when the ancient road to Otley was wet and impassable also before the Leeds Road (A660) to Otley was built in 1841.
PACK HORSE/ CARRIAGE TRACK came down from the Chevin and joined at Caley, crossed over Otley Road, then to the river crossing at Knot Ford, now known as Knotford Nook. The iron gateway to this can still be seen on the main Leeds Road, the second one, below Cragg View cottages lead to the now demolished Glen Royd, home of the Whitaker family, Pool Quarry owners.
A RIVERSIDE FOOTPATH is shown on the O.S. map of 1847 & 1851 running along the south side of the River Wharfe from Pool to Arthington.
ARTHINGTON LANE and OTLEY ROAD. This ancient route was used in medieval times to connect Skipton Castle with Harewood Castle . It was known as “The King’s Highway” in 1309 (Don Cole). The earliest reference to these roads is in the late 1100’s when Manorial Fish Ponds are mentioned alongside the medieval route from Skipton to Harewood. “ the medieval routes which led out of the village, possibly the major route along the southern side of the Wharfe valley connecting Skipton with Harewood via Ilkley and Otley” (West Yorkshire Archaeological Survey to AD 1500).
Otley Road (incorrectly referred to now as Pool Road) ran through low lying marshy land and was often impassable in winter time. It may be that then that the higher route which passed through Caley, Caley Low Road and Foul Causeway Lane, would have been used to reach Otley. Arthington Lane was also known as Poole Lane in 1674 (Boundaries of Poole by Everyld Thornhill Lady of the Manor,1674)
By the mid 1700’s the road became so bad that an act of Parliament described it as “ruinous and bad… that in the winter season it is impossible for wagons or other wheeled carriages to pass along the same and very dangerous for travellers”. So on 12th Feb. 1753 work began to erect toll-bars in an effort to collect money to repair the roads which would hasten traffic from Otley to the Great North Road at Tadcaster. (see Toll Bars and Pool Toll Bar Riots).Two old Toll Bars can still be seen. Pool Bank Chain Bar at the top of Old Pool Bank built in 1847 and the other the Bar House on Arthington Lane, c. 1750, both now private houses.(see other Pool Bar Houses in Turnpikes & Toll Bars)
“Several cross roads were listed in directories of the early nineteenth century also York to Carlisle by Tadcaster, Skipton and Kendall, passing through Arthington, Pool and Otley.” (The Postal History of Upper Wharfedale” by Ronald Ward.)
“Timble Man” by Ronald Harker. “1908 May 16th. To Pool to see Mr. Tankard and walked back (to Timble). Immense number of cyclists and motor cars passing. The dust nuisance will be awful in dry weather. Something will have to be done about it.”
In 1912 the majority of the village roads are laid with tar. (PPC Minutes)
Holmes Whiteley recalls that in the early 1900’s, before the road was properly surfaced, whenever a vehicle came passed a large white dust cloud went twenty feet into the air. It took a long time to settle and when it did it left a white film on all the hedgerows.
In May 1926 the widening and straightening of Otley Road began. This took out the bad bend at Knotford Nook. It became known to the locals as “The straight.”
Otley Road is often referred to as Pool Road, however it was confirmed by Pool Parish Council in 2002 that Otley Road ran as far as Knotford Nook when it changes name to Pool Road towards Otley.
In an attempt to relieve traffic congestion near the Shell garage, this “new island” was built on Otley Road in 1953.
ARTHINGTON VIADUCT was originally called “Wharfdale Viaduct” and by the workers as “Wharfe Viaduct.”
Building was granted by Parliament in 1846 when it was estimated by the Chairman of the Leeds and Thirsk Railway that the quantity of stone used would exceed 50,000 tons. The stone was supplied by James Bray who operated Pool Bank Quarries. There are twenty one arches, each with a span of 60 ft. The length of the viaduct is 1,510 feet with a road width of 30 feet. This picture would have been drawn to attract investors prior to building, shows various stages of intended development. (picture in our possession.) The last arch was keyed in during July 1848. Some workmen/subcontractors were Garside, Parker and Oldroyd, with William Greenwood, a stone mason. (documents). 20,000 men and 300 horses were employed in the tunnel and viaduct project.
Bradford Observer 2nd April 1846 “Wharfdale Viaduct of the Leeds and Thirsk Railway. – The ceremony of the laying of the first stone of this great work took place on Monday last, amidst an immense concourse of people, gathered from the vallies of the Aire and the Wharfe. The day was remarkably fine, and the proceedings were of a very animating character. From an early hour in the forenoon, the air resounded with martial music and the roar of cannon; and every road leading to the scene of this interesting ceremony continued to bring large numbers to the crowd. The nice little village of Bramhope too, – with its newly built wooden huts, presenting the appearance of a “new settlement” in an old and richly cultivated district and giving a “local habitation and a name” to scores of adventurers, who seek to supply the various wants of a new influx of strangers – gave up its crowd of railway labourers to add to the picturesque effect of the stirring scene. At one o’clock, a large procession, in which were the directors and other gentlemen with a goodly sprinkling of the gentler sex, started from Pool, with bands of music, and colours flying, and coming down to the river, the procession crossed over to the north side by means of a temporary wooden bridge. The stone was laid by H. C Marshall, Esq, the chairman of the company, who was presented with a silver trowel and beautiful mallet for the occasion. The stone being deposited and the ceremony over, the workmen were regaled with ale and edibles, and the directors and their friends, invited by the contractors, partook of a rich collation a the hospitable hotel of Mrs. Beanland, at Pool (the White Hart) We may add that the works on the Bramhope contract are proceeding most favourable, so much so that Mr. Bray calculates on being able to complete them six months sooner than the time specified in the contract. The strata found in the tunnel are easy; and to Mr Bray the stone will prove most valuable and profitable, affording sufficient to build nearly all the viaducts, bridges and mason work along the line.” (see Arthington Viaduct)
AVENUE DES HIRONDELLES. The name of this road was given by Mr. Tom Swallow, who lived at Troutbeck, Arthington Lane. He built three houses on this avenue c.1900. (SHP). He had a French wife and hirondelle is the French for swallow. According to a map of sale of property by the Pulleins, he already owned some of the land in 1902. The ownership of some of his land passed through the old Pool Bank quarry. His original intention was to extend the Avenue to Leeds Road, but the water supply could not be pumped up from Pool-in-Wharfedale Waterworks, higher than the last house erected which was about one third of the intended route. There is a grand arched stone entrance to this road bearing the name “Avenue des Hirondelles” which was slightly damaged in 2008 during the re-roofing of the telephone exchange and again through the falling of a tree during the bad winter of 2010/11. The wrought iron decoration was removed for protection by a nearby resident. (because of its many horse chestnut trees was known by local lads as Conker Avenue)
BOUNDARY STONE. A 19th century boundary stone on Arthington Lane where Pool Beck (or Kirskell Beck) separates the parishes of Pool and Arthington. In May 1873 Arthington Parish Council record “The extent of Roads in the township of Arthington is liable to repair”. In the early 1800’s this beck did not have a bridge and travellers would drive their stage coaches, horses, livestock, etc. through the water. This stone was renovated by the History of Pool Group in 2008.
BRAMHOPE TUNNEL The building of the tunnel was begun in 1846. 23 men lost their lives. A grave resembling the entrance to the tunnel is in Otley churchyard to commemorate their deaths. There is a fine castellated entrance at the Arthington end of the tunnel, Grade 2 listed. Pool Quarries supplied the stone for both the viaduct and to line railway tunnel. In later years the men who worked there would wear mole-skin suits to keep them warm (photo) and would emerge with icicles hanging from their helmets, they would be in there all day or night. They would always tie string round the bottom of their trousers to keep out the rats! One of their main duties was to knock down the large icicles hanging from the roof so they did not damage passing trains. They would build large fires in braziers under the outlet chimneys to melt the icicles and keep themselves warm.(Mrs. Webster whose father and grandfather Rainer, are shown on the photograph).
During WW2 in one turret on the north entrance, which had been the home of railway workers, a guard was posted by the War Department. During the war a bomb was dropped, just missing the railway line on the north side, the only damage was one or two dead cows. Prior to this the villagers would shelter under the viaduct during an air-raid, after the raid this was discontinued! (See also Arthington Viaduct)
10th Sept. 1880 Arthington. Venerable Villager. “Christine Clapham familiarly known in the village as “Mother Clapham” still resides in a cleanly and very neatly ordered thatched cottage on the roadside between the railway arch and Arthington. She was 90 years of age last July.” She kept a lodging house for many of the navies during the making of the Bramhope tunnel on the Leeds, Thirsk railway line.(Wharfedale Observer.)
FORDS Local crossings of the River Wharfe were made at a. Knot Ford (Knotford Nook on Otley Road); b. at Haldwadford (Medieval name) also named Leathley Ford and c. Castley Ford, both at Castley.
The Harewood Estate Map c.1710 names them Leathly Furr and Casly Furr. d. Haslin Ford was west of Knotford Nook. Farnley Estate map shows this Ford linking Pool Road with Farnley Estate.
According to WYAS an ancient ford was at Pool. This seems to be born out by the fact the field north of the Wharfe, immediately east of Harrogate Road is named on O.S. map 1847, “Rotherford” (Rother is Celtic for “chief river”). A paved path runs north from this field at a point on Castley Lane, approx. opposite No. 5, to Riffa Woods which possibly joined up with another paved pack horse track which runs through Riffa Woods, the old pack horse route from Otley to Knaresborough. It therefore seems very likely that the Pool crossing was called Rother Ford with the paved path south from Castley Lane to the Wharfe probably was washed away through frequent flooding. (P.L.)
LOW LANE is no longer recognised as a road, but the census of 1871 indicates that it ran alongside Troutbeck when occupied by Child, a dental surgeon. This was probably a track connecting to the original Staircase Lane (Bramhope Road in 1700’s) which ran down from Oakdale to the river. (see also Ribbon Lane)
LEEDS ROAD. In 1841 a new route to Otley from Leeds was built via Pool Bank called the Leeds – Otley Trust Road (A660). It was built by a board of some 100 trustees of whom Michael Nicholson of Nicholson & Co. (now Whiteleys) Pool Low mill owner from 1809, was one. Paul Garnett, Ayscough Fawkes and William Ackroyd were others.
On 22nd Feb. 1851 a report was issued on the state of the Leeds and Otley Turnpike Road which stated “Poole – very bad”. The report covered Leeds, Headingley, Adel, Cookridge, Breary, Bramhope, Poole and Otley. “In nearly every Township we had to complain that the Stones were not broken small enough in many cases, particularly in Poole, heaps of broken and unbroken stones, as well as Scrapings and Rut stones, were very improperly left so as to endanger Passengers.”
At the expiration of the Trust on 1st Nov. 1873 notice was given that it was the intention to sell the Tollhouse, known as Pool Bank Chain Bar, top of Old Pool Bank road. It was later sold for £50. (see Turnpikes & Toll Bars.)
- is west of Pool near paper mill. Grade ll listed.
- Part of milepost to east of Pool on Arthington Lane, low down, both dated c. 1820. 3. At Knotford Nook on the old road, (2nd telegraph pole on left from Otley.)
- A possible milestone stood at the junction of Arthington Lane/Pool Bank New Road/Main Street, which was removed c.1910 The post appears to now stand alongside Pool House gateway on Main Street, and was possibly moved there when the post which stood in the middle of the road in front of the White Hart was removed for motorised traffic.
Missing photo of milepost 3 Knockford knook
MILL LANE. (previously known as Corn Mill Lane) leads to the old water corn mill, which according to a survey made by the West Yorkshire Archaeology Service in 1992, has medieval origins. Around 1300 the mill was owned by the Nuns of Arthington. This lane therefore will have been used in medieval times. Later in the 1930’s it served a rubbish tip which was next to the old mill, filling up the area known as the Yellands, meaning sloping land. (WYAS Corn Mill survey in Archives)
MILL LANE TO ARTHINGTON LANE FOOTPATH. This path emerging at Bar House, originally connected to the corn mill, diverted half way down to allow building of Millcroft housing estate. Originally with a stile, renewed in 1913.
OAKDALE DRIVE off Arthington Lane is a continuation of the ancient track which came down from Staircase Lane (formally known as Bramhope Road) after splitting near the old railway track at the old barn, called Hardy’s Lair, and from Ribbon Lane (now under Redrow Estate. Shown on 1756 map) This track again is shown on the map of 1847 as then running to the river again splitting to Pool and Arthington. An old oak tree stood at the entrance which was felled in 2011 against the wishes of the rest of the Drive. The tree rings were inspected where it was found to have been overv300 years old. (Confirmation of ancient route by see “Staircase Lane” below.)
OLD POOL BANK (road) May well have been used in Roman times. A Roman gold coin of Valentinian I dating to 364-375 AD was found at the top of Old Pool Bank. (Leeds City Archive Library AD1500).This would have connected with the Roman Road which ran through Carlton. A flint (possibly Neolithic, now in Otley Museum) was also found in 2000 in the field east of Swiss Cottage. Old Pool Bank (road) is shown on the map of 1756 as Bradford Road. The Award Map of 1774 shows “road to Bradford” with a “turnpike bar” at the bottom Pool end of the road. The Pool Chain Bar was built at the top of Old Pool Bank after the A660 was built in 1841.
POOL BRIDGE. Grade II listed building. In 1752/3 the construction began of the building of the new turnpiked road from Dudley Hill to Killinghall via Pool. (W.Y.A.S.) The first bridge over the River Wharfe was in 1754. (J.Bigland. “Topographical & Historical Description of the County of York” 1819.) This is shown on Thomas Jeffery’s map of 1775, surveyed 1771-72 shows, as does our Creskeld map of Pool dated 1756. This replaced a ferry at Pool (History of Harrogate & Knaresborough – Jennings). There was also an ancient ford believed to have been called Rother Ford as the field name on old maps suggest. (“Rother” is the Celtic name meaning “chief river”)
“We have no details of this earlier bridge, (this proved to be incorrect, see below) and it is possible that part of this structure was incorporated into the ‘new’ bridge that was completed in 1801. It was built under the supervision of Bernard Hartley(the First) who was appointed Surveyor of Bridges to the West Riding in 1797, a post which he retained until his death in 1834.” (WYAS)
In 1817, 1819 and 1821 meetings of the trustees of the Turnpike Road from Dudley Hill to Killinghall were held at the house of Mr. Samuel Stead, the Half Moon Inn. At the meeting of 1819 it was proposed that a Side Bar Gate or Chain would be placed at the end of Leathley-Bridge across the road leading towards Otley (for other proposals see Leeds Mercury”)
Architectural Historian Peter Thornborrow gives his description below in 2005:
The listed building description suggests that the bridge is “18th century, widened in 19th century”.
Pool Bridge was a new bridge (no bridge at Pool is mentioned in the County Book of Bridges of 1752) apparently built following an Act obtained in 1793. This stated that “there shall be a convenient bridge for carriages, erected over the R. Wharfe at or near Pool, and the road repaired from thence over the west side of a field called Becklands, from the village of Leathley”. This would take the earlier turnpike road from Dudley Hill & Killinghall to Harrogate established in 1752/3 (the same date as the Bridges Book).
“Map evidence shows that there was no bridged crossing at Pool in 1720 (Warburton’s Yorkshire map), but there was one by 1775 (as shown on Thomas Jeffery’s map of 1775, surveyed 1771-72), with a toll-gate immediately to the north of it where the road divides to Leathley, to the west, and Castley to the east, where there was an ancient ford. Documentary evidence supports the existence of a bridge in 1754: “At Pool, a pleasant village near three miles from Otley is a handsome stone bridge over the river, built by subscription in 1754 (Biglands “Yorkshire”) The existence of this bridge is confirmed by an estate map of 1756 that shows a bridge with three arches (held at Creskeld Hall, Arthington). It is possible that part of this structure was incorporated into the ‘new’ bridge that was completed in 1801 built under the supervision of Bernard Hartley (the First) who was appointed Surveyor of Bridges to the West Riding in 1797, a post which he retained until his death in 1834. (WYAS)
However, a decade later the bridge appears to have been inadequate for its traffic flow. In 1812 Bernard Hartley produced a plan (dated July 1812) for alterations to the bridge to raise the parapet so that it was 4ft 2” above the road surface, and to widen it. The road surface too was proposed to be raised some 3 ft at each end of the bridge that was to be widened 13 ft, forming an entirely new bridge (joined to the earlier bridge) with a new elevation on its up-stream side. This would have had the effect of reducing the gradient for the better convenience of carriages and carts travelling over the bridge. In the later 19th century a 4” water-main was proposed to be carried across the centre of the bridge, fairly close to its surface (Leeds Corporation Water Works, Pool Water Supply: WYAS–QD3/263), supplying the village with ‘town water’.
A map of 1756 shows a township gate at the entrance to Pool near the bridge. An act of 1793 states “there shall be a convenient bridge for carriages erected over the River Wharfe at or near Pool and the road repaired from thence over the west side of a field called Becklands from the village of Leathley” . (WYAS) Only sixty years later the bridge was widened in 1815 and now bears this date on the outside of the bridge above the central inlet. Evidence of the widening can be seen from under the bridge. The west side of bridge is the newer side.
During the late 1800’s a very rare fern was discovered under the bridge structure a Ceterach officinarum – a scale fern. (H.S.) It grew there for year after year. Water bats were thought to roost here in the 1990’s
In 2002 an Ilkley historian suggested that this road was one of the earliest specially made roads to be made in the country.
J.Bigland’s “Topographical & Historical Description of the County of York” 1819.) says “At Pool, a pleasant village near three miles from Otley, is a handsome stone bridge over the river, built by subscription in 1754”.
A name and date “J.R. Ridelagh 1860” is near the indented top part of the bridge. It is an old family name, still in Pool today. Was it of a stonemason or a young boy’s “graffitti”? John Ridelagh is recorded as being a quarry man on the census of 1871, aged 36.
When the Harrogate Road was finally surfaced c.1920 (it had just been white dusty gravel) it was sprayed with tar, which ran into the River Wharfe and killed many fish.
During the 2nd world war, tanks were brought too and from Farnley and Riffa, over Pool Bridge to the railway station as Otley Bridge was not considered strong enough to take them. It is thought the tanks were at one time en-route for the Normandy Landing.
Strengthening of the bridge to comply with E.U. regulations, took place in 2002 when a temporary Bailey bridge was used whilst the bridge was being repaired. This was to allow 44 ton lorries to use it. During this work stone cobbles were found on the older east side of the bridge only. Some of these cobbles are now laid under the notice board with a copy of an old map in the Memorial Gardens.
. The WYAS in Wakefield have original plans of both bridge and extension, also coloured drawing. See also Pool Conservation Area.)
7th May 1886. Otley Police Courts. A Drunken driver – Anthony Webster of Pool for being drunk while in charge of a horse and cart on Pool Bridge on the 9th of the present month at a quarter to eight o’clock at night. Was fined 10/-d. and costs.
POOL BANK NEW ROAD. Roads began to change Pool around 1753 when a bridge was built over the river. In 1816 a new easier route to replace Old Pool Bank and Staircase Lane was found down Pool Bank and the present Pool Bank New Road was built, the bridge was widened in 1815
Turnpike Road from Dudley Hill to Killinghall. Leeds Mercury 10th October 1807 “WANTED Two Surveyors, upon the Turnpike Road from Dudley Hill to Killinghall and the south west corner of Harrogate Inclosure, the one to survey such Didlet or part of the road as lies from Pool Bridge to the northern extremities thereof and the other from Pool Bridge to the southern extremity or the field road. Such surveyors it is expected will be fully competent to the making and repairing of the roads, the fitting out P1 cers for getting materials and the breaking of the fame, the making of contracts for the purpose and to call forth the Statute Duty of the respective Townships thro’ which such road lies and to see it is performed and in general to lay out the Revenues of the said road, in the most judicious and economical manner, and it is expected that such surveyor should be particularly active in preventing and removing all incrouchments, doughills and other nuisances upon the said road and otherwise discharge the duty of surveyors with alacrity, activity and zeal.” The Commissioners of the said road will hold their next meeting at the house of Mrs. Exley at Apperley Bridge on Monday the 19th inst. at eleven o’clock in the forenoon when and where persons may deliver in proposals. Adequate salaries will be given and security will be expected for the faithful discharge of Duty. Samual Hailstone, Clerk of the Trustees of the said Turnpike Road. Bradford. 1807” (See also Pool Bridge later in this section.)
In 1817, 1819 and 1821 meetings of the trustees of the Turnpike Road from Dudley Hill to Killinghall were held the Half Moon Inn being run by Samuel Stead. At the meeting of 1819 it was proposed that a Side Bar Gate or Chain would be placed at the end of Leathley-Bridge across the road leading towards Otley. Other proposals were made during these meetings.
Extract from the Wharfedale Observer.
17th June 1881. “Accident. On Sunday evening about 5 o’clock an accident happened to a Leeds party consisting of 2 ladies and 2 gentlemen who were driving down Pool New Bank. The horse began to gallop down the hill and became unmanageable. In turning down what is known at the “staircase” (Staircase Lane) the trap overbalanced and all the occupants were pitched out on to the roadside, the horse and trap however got clear away and going at a furious rate down the bank, right through the village. Fortunately the animal was brought to a halt just at the entrance to Otley Road, not however until the body of the trap was completely torn from the wheels and considerable damage done. The horse was cut on the hind legs but it is not much the worse. All the occupants were unhurt, one lady being much stunned. Fortunately no bones were broken and they were able to return home by train.”
After frequent, sometimes fatal, accidents occurred on the corner near Firs Hill, in 1946 improvements were made to the corner.
Photo emailed from Pat of Ribbon Lane
RIBBON LANE another road which no longer exists but is shown on the map of 1756 (map in picture form in Archives) running from the old Staircase Lane, in 1700 known as Bramhope Road, across what is now the Redrow Estate, to join up with the bottom of Old Pool Bank. This road was used for centuries and prior to the building of Pool Bank New Road in 1810 and the railway in 1865. See also “Staircase Lane” below.
SANDY LOBBY was the route to Old Pool Bank quarry for stone and materials. On a map of 1774 this was known as Baxtongate Road (by 1823 known as Backstone Gate) which met up with Thornhill’s Road to the east, which was roughly where the A.660 now runs (Thomas Thornhill being the Lord of the Manor at that time living in Creskeld Hall) It would appear to the west was Fawkes’s Road (Fawkes of Caley Hall and Farnley Hall). The deeds of some of the houses state that Sandy Lobby may only be used for quarry traffic. The stone from the quarry is sandstone. The houses were built for quarry workers c. 1870. An old hire purchase book was found under the staircase of 4, Sandy Lobby in 2000 with calendars for 1887 & 1888 and marked “Denton”. Understood from the Denton family on Castley Lane that it belonged to Ned Denton who operated the turntable situated near the Chain Bar at the top of Old Pool Bank.
Also known as The Staircase, and Bramhope Road in 1700. Names of medieval ways down steep banks often included the word “stair”. This lane runs from Pool to Bramhope Puritan Chapel, (built c.1649) and originally was the only way through Pool to Bramhope, Cookridge and Leeds before the building of Pool Bank New Road in 1816. This is a classic “hollow way” in that it shows how much wear the lane has taken through the centuries. “Towards the south of the village, in the vicinity of Swallow Close, earthworks have been detected from aerial photographs that represent a medieval or post-medieval hollow way and bank. This area now lies under modern housing and gardens and may represent the old road into Pool from the south. Narrow ridge and furrow earthworks dating to the post-medieval period have also been identified in this area and to the west of the village” West Yorkshire Archaeology Service, 2009. The Lane ran straight down the gully from Bramhope to Pool and separated at Hardy’s Lair, where there was a house and a barn. This was just below the old railway line, one track named Ribbon Lane in 1756 ran at right angles to emerge at the bottom of Old Pool Bank. The other track ran straight down towards the river, where there was a ford. The remains of the Hardy’s Lair barn were still evident prior to the building of the estate by Redrow in 2001. The County Council last resurfaced Staircase Lane in 1921. It’s bad state of repair was reported to P.P.C. in March 1946. In March 1966 it was confirmed to PPC that it was a “County Road” by the County Engineer and Surveyor.
The Lane would be used to carry cloth too and from Walk Mill, “In 1680 Cloth was woven and taken to Esholt, Pool, Baildon, Arthington and Harewood to be fulled or milled.” At the junction of Old Pool Bank (road) and Ribbon Lane was a toll bar.
Contents sale of Pool House suggest it was originally names The White Hart pub and it would catch all passing cloth bearers. The Monks of Kirstall would have used this road whilst collecting dues from their various granges in the area. Also cattle, sheep, horses, carts and traps. etc. would be taken down some en route to Otley market (established in 1222) A detector was taken on to Redrow land in October 2000 but only found remains of lots of old farm machinery and a 6d. and three penny bit both dated 1960, probably from when the Arthington Show was held there! Staircase Lane was still in regular use in the 1930/40’s when people would run/walk up to catch a bus run by Ledgards of Otley. This ran from Otley to Leeds, as it was cheaper than at the top of Old Pool Bank. In 1911 on Pool Feast Day a friend of Alice Davey was born and her friend’s father had ran up Staircase Lane to fetch the midwife from Bramhope. Still classed by Leeds City Council as a public road in 2016 and called Staircase Lane. The official address for Firs Hill together with Firs Hill Court stables (now a house) is Staircase Lane.
VARIOUS PUBLIC SERVICES
BANK, MIDLAND Opened on 2nd February 1948 on Main Street under the management of Otley Branch, a small sub-branch opening Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 10.30a.m. to 12.30 p.m. The sub-branch closed on 30th Dec. 1983. (Midland Bank Group Archivist). Holmes Whiteley was the first customer with R. Roberts the clerk attending the sub branch. Ernest Fisher was Manager, H. A. Parker, retired first cashier and Martin O’Brien the director of the builders and contractors of O’Brien & Richmond Ltd. (the dog – Paddy was considered by many to be Holmes Whiteley’s best friend!)
BUS SERVICES The Harrogate & District Car Co. Ltd. ran a Karrier bus between Harrogate, Pool and Otley which began on 7th May 1924 but was not extended to Ilkley until 15 December 1924. The fare to Otley was 2d. The bus had two wooden bench seats.
A bus service ran on Leeds Road (A660) which was operated by Ledgards of Otley. Meat would be brought from Otley by the bus and be left for the villagers of Old Pool Bank at a house on Cabin Road. On 1st May 1927 Samuel Ledgard ran their first bus service from Otley to Wetherby via Pool and Arthington. (“Tracks & Roads in a Yorkshire Parish” Done Cole)
BUS SHELTERS On 28th Jan. 1952 The local council and West Yorkshire Car Co. agree to erect two bus shelters at Old Pool Bank and in Pool but on 1at Feb 1954 Holmes and William Whiteley agree to pay for the bus shelters, the building was completed in Dec. 1954
On 25th June 1955 Holmes and William Whiteley handed over to the parish council the stone built bus shelters on Otley Road and on Leeds Road. at Old Pool Bank. The cost was shared between the two brothers at a total cost to them of £1,671.0.2d. In 1970, after continual vandalising of the bus shelters at both OPB and Pool, the windows were replaced with armoured glass
CHURCHHILL FLATS built by Council in 1965 with 20 units at a cost of £38,748.
CHURCH ROOM or POOL PARISH ROOM Mill Lane was built as “a lasting memorial of the sixtieth year of the Queen’s reign” in 1897, where classes and meetings were held. It was intended that these would be more convenient than in the School room. Bible Classes were taught, Communicants met, Mothers’ meeting held. The C.E.T.S. meetings, the young men of the parish held their recreation club lectures and entertainments given. Meetings for political, social or religious purposes whatsoever were held provided always that such Religious purposes is connected with the Church of England and now by law established. “Meetings of Communicants or of the Temperance Society, the Band of Hope meetings, Church Lectures, Young Men’s Bible Class & Club which had met in the Half Moon. It will be well used on Sundays for the older classes of Sunday School. It is intended for the good of the Parish and for all purposes not directly of a religious character and it will we hope when completed, be available like the School room, under proper regulation to all who desire it.” A Church Bazaar was held the same year to pay off the debt of which £70 was raised. The estimated cost of the building was £250. The land, approx 218 square yards appears to have been owned by Rev. Arthur Evan Meredith to whom £30 was paid. Now a private house
DOCTORS. At the beginning of the 1900’s there were two doctors practices administering in Pool who were friendly “rivals”. Based in Otley were Dr. W.E. Bennet who retired in June 1920, followed by Dr. Galloway, Dr. Horsfall then Drs. Rushton and Rhodes, who visited Pool several times during each week, having their surgery in Fir Tree Cottages. These were demolished c 1960 and the Shell garage is on the site. When their surgery was no longer in Pool the post office on Main Street was used as a “calling house”. This enabled messages and prescriptions to pass between doctor and patient. They were part of what we now know as the Charles St. practice. There is a brass plate taken from outside the Post Office in our possession.
The other doctors were part of what is called the Bridge Street practice. Around 1912 Dr. Hermon Wolfe was practitioner, retiring in 1953. There was an old Dr. Hunter who lived in the Shrubberies (now Penndene) who had very few patients and no surgery, his patients eventually became part of the Bridge Street practice. When Dr. Metcalfe first arrived in Pool in 1955 the surgery was held in the Half Moon which at that time was still a temperance hotel, called the Riverside Hotel. The waiting room was under the stairs!. The rent for holding the surgery was 12/6d per week. (John Metcalfe see Families)).
Other accommodation used later was the old Church room on Mill Lane and the Methodist Fellowship Room.
In the early 1900’s Mrs Robinson, the midwife, lived in Bramhope . When she was required to administered to the ladies in Pool a message had to reach her, usually on foot and then walked down to the village via Staircase Lane.Nurse Price became Pool’s own nurse c. 1910. In 2002 we drive to Bramhope or Otley to visit the doctor. There is no longer a surgery in Pool, this closed in 1994.
FIRE SERVICE The fire service was supplied by Otley Fire Brigade but on 23rd April 1910 W. Denton, Clerk of the Parish Council of Pool notified property owners in the Township of Pool that unless they notified Otley U.D.C. that they intended to pay for the service, before a fire occurred, all applications for the services of the Brigade would be ineffective when called upon to attend . This applied to all the U.D. and Parish Councils within six miles of the Otley Market Place. The scale of charges were “Captain and Superintendent 4/-d first hour, 3/-d. each subsequent hour. Ordinary Firemen 2/6d.per hour and 2/-d.per hour afterwards. Engine £5.5s. if used, £2.2s. if not. Horses for engine £1 each, Captain’s Horse 10/d. Under no circumstances would the Brigade and Engine go beyond six miles from Otley Market Place.” This scale of charges was dated 26.5.1909.(I.4.20). For use of the fire engine in 1922 the PPC paid £8 per annum.
In 1883 Otley acquired a new steam fire engine which was ready for rapid ignition. (W.O)
Gas main picture supplied by Pat
GAS only came to Pool in the mid 1980’s Pressure was put on the Gas Co. to lay gas to the village by several large developers (i.e.Redrow). The pipe was laid from Bramhope down Staircase Lane to a pressure valve alongside the bus stop on Pool Bank New Road.
The main North Sea high pressure gas pipe line was laid to the west of village in the mid 1970’s.
HISTORY OF POOL GROUP (HOP) The first meeting was held on 21st June 2001 consisting of a group of nine interested villagers wishing to learn and contribute to the history of Pool. Within 3 years the group had 25 members. Frse started by Pat Lazenby until 2007 when Mike Woodall took over enabling Pat Lazenby to concentrate on adding any further research the Pool Archives. The year consisted of local walks, talks, displays at Pool Feast, and visits to local houses and museums, also many talks and film on Pool village history. There were approximately 6 meetings held each year. Disbanded 2015, Residue money donated to Pool Archives.
Motto: Collect, record, preserve, inform.
Aim: 1. To collect and record, through members input, as much historical information both local and nationally.
- To inform the villagers and outsiders of our ancient village.
- To set up a village archive to preserve records and artifacts for future generations.
- To be non profit making, keeping subscriptions to a minimum, in order to encourage anyone to join. (£5)
- To map out and provide information for Leeds City Council Conservation Team for them to make Pool-in-Wharfedale in a conservation area. (This was achieved on 9th Sept. 2009)
JANE WHITELEY MEMORIAL HOMES, Church Lane are four cottage homes for aged members of Pool, built in 1933 for Mr. W.L.Whiteley on land given by him, as part of a “perpetual memory to his wife Jane in so practical a manner.” Originally the homes provided rent free accommodation with preference to pensioners of Pool Paper Mills, now a small rent is charged. . The inauguration of the Homes was on June 9th 1934. Architect John C. Procter, Clarendon Road, Leeds, contractor Michael Booth & Sons, Bradford. A copy of the Trust Deeds was presented to the Chairman of Pool Parish Council Mr. L. N. Everitt. After the ceremony a “Yorkshire Tea” was held in the Methodist Schoolroom. They are now run by a group of Trustees. When the Poole Doles was finally wound up in 1997 the surplus of £81 was given to the Homes.
First occupants were Jim Dennison, John Gall, Matthew Clapham and Sarah Robinson.
LIBRARY 27th September 1880. Mrs. Wood (of Caley Hall) kindly commenced a lending library for the school. The books were lent free of charge on Friday afternoons. A week later Mrs. Wood extended the use of the library to any villager. By 1890 Pool Reading and Recreational Club was open and on 28th September 1891. “A library belonging to the Sunday School has been opened for use of the Day School too. No charge to be made for books of which there are 160 books at the present time.” School Log
A mobile library began to visit Pool in July 1958. In 2013 it was visiting, each for one hour per week, outside the school, outside Churchill Flats, Old Pool Bank, Pool Village Memorial Hall.
LIGHTING In 1908 G.A. Tankard of Pool installed a Sunlight Acetylene Generator in the White Hart. A letter of thanks from the landlord to Mr. Tankard says ”I am pleased to say the Gas plant you put down for me is working very well and economically. I also find it far better than lamps also much cleaner and less trouble. As for the light, there is no comparison as to the candle power.” (Tankards plaster mould of advert.& metal plate, found in cellar of Plainville c. 1960 in Archives.) David Whiteley recalls how when a young boy attending a service in the Methodist Church sometimes the lights would go low and grandfather, W.L.Whiteley, would go out to sprinkle water on the Sunlight Acetylene generator and lights would then go up and the service would continue. This lighting was also installed in the Leeds Library on Commercial Street, Leeds, also Plainville/Park House, Pool.
In an interview for a newspaper in 1937 Mrs. J. Gall, who was born in 1849 and lived on Chapel Row, recalls that the farm houses at that time were lit by tallow candles and the extraordinary interest shown when the first paraffin lamp arrived in the village. ”Everyone went to see it, within a few months almost everybody had one and we thought that at long last the winter evenings had been made really enjoyable.”
Electric lights replaced oil lamps at Whiteley’s paper mill and the mill house in 1911 at a cost of £66.00d.
Electric lighting was installed into St. Wilfrid’s church for the first time in 1926 and that same year was installed in Pool School. The school records state in 29th Jan 1901, that they had “got a good light from a new lamp given by Mr. Alfred Whitehead (Bryn Afon/Bank House) to the school.”
Street lighting on Pool Bank New Road and Arthington Lane roads came in late 1970 with the remainder of the village following. At the request of the residents, part of The Parklands off Arthington Lane, still has restricted lighting in 2006.
MAIL CARTS In 1733 Otley Parish Register records Marmaduke Dunwell of Poole as being a carrier. In Bains Directory of 1821 James Dunwell (1781-1856) was a carrier to Knaresborough on Wednesday and Bradford every Thursday. He was living at Pool Farm Cottage after 1849 (SHP). These local carriers also took passengers if the load of merchandise was not too large.(Holmes Whiteley)
11th March 1881. Floods in Wharfedale. Otley. “On Sunday matters were not improved by the steady thaw which was at work. But during the night heavy rain set in and washed away with it the great bulk of the half melted snow from the streets. Of course this had the effect of swelling the river and in various places greatly overspread its bounds. ” “As a result of this the river was at its highest on Wednesday night. On Thursday morning the mail-cart from Arthington had to be driven round by the Pool Bank Road in the morning.” (W.O.)
27th April. 1883 Extracts from a letter written by Col. G. Rhodes – late of Pool. “The present church was erected about 40 years ago at the site of the old chapel.” “In those early days of coach and waggon locomitive, the Royal Mail Cart used to pass daily from the hamlet of Pool as far as Otley, returning to Wetherby in time for the Royal Mail Coach on its way to London.”(Wharfedale Observer.)
c. 1900 Extract from “Recollections of My Native Village by Holmes Whiteley” b. 1888. “ The delivery of letters and parcels was much earlier in the morning than it is now. We had a delivery by 6.30. a.m. The letters came to Pool by an early train and were sorted at Pool Post Office. The collection of letters for many years was only once a day and these were put on a train leaving Pool for Leeds about 7.00 p.m. Sunday there was no delivery but one collection. This was by Royal Mail Van, horse drawn. It used to start from Addingham collecting mail bags from Ilkley, Burley, Otley and Pool putting them on a train at Arthington about 8.30p.m. In those days the driver of the Mail Van would give a lift to respectable travellers who happened to be on the road. The local preachers often used this mode of transport to get back to the west end of the circuit, that is if the parsons’ chariot had not been able to pick them up.”
OLD POOL BANK VILLAGE MEMORIAL HALL celebrated the 50th anniversary of its opening by various events. On 17th May 1952 it was officially opened by Her Royal Highness, The Princess Royal.
Before the Hall was built, there was a stone cabin, which had been used by quarrymen as a place to eat before the quarry became unoccupied c. 1849 It was situated within Pool Bank Quarries near Far Row cottages on Cabin Road.
Around 1880 when no longer required by the quarry, it began to be used as Old Pool Bank’s “village hall” mainly for Church and Wesleyan services and Sunday school. It was at various times used by the Church of England, Plymouth Brethren and The Salvation Army. Other events were held there too, such as public meetings, polling station, Brownies, pantomimes, etc. (See Old Pool Bank)) It became inadequate. i.e. A children’s sports day had to be held at Hilton Grange Orphanage, whist drives and dances at the Craven Institute, Bramhope. During WW2 gas masks had to be taken to Pool for replacement or repair.
On the 5th March 1943 the Old Pool Bank Residents Association decided there was a need for a proper Village Hall. It was not until 19th Feb. 1946, at a meeting held in Pool village, was it agreed to build a village hall in Pool, with a smaller hall at Old Pool Bank, both to be considered as forms of War Memorials. After various alternatives were explored and rejected, including the sale by the War Office of a recently disused nissen hut which had been used by Pool Home Guard and stood outside the White Hart. On 12th Sept. 1946 land was eventually found on Quarry Farm Road. Holmes Whiteley “made a generous offer to pay for the land” which was £250 plus costs required by the owner Squadron Leader Boddington. The money for its building was raised through hard work by the residents. Whist drives, jumble sales, bring and buy sales, etc. were held, mostly in their own homes. The digging and building work was also all done voluntarily by them. Actual payment was only made when certain skilled work was needed.
As some stone from Pool Quarries had originally been used for the building of the Houses of Parliament c. 1850, a stone can be seen which was placed over the doorway as a memorial to the Fallen. Colonel Stoddart-Scott of Creskeld Hall obtained the stone from the part of the Houses of Parliament which had been damaged by an incendiary bomb in 1941. The first Residents Association meeting was held in the new Hall in June 1952. Ben Hartley headmaster of Pool school, who later lived at O.P.B. was a member of the Residents Association at this time. (see quarry, Churches
POLICE STATIONS 1. O.S. map of 1888 shows a police station at the junction of Leathley and Castley Lanes where they cross the Harrogate Road. This was just over the bridge north of Pool . It was demolished in 1910. This had previously been the shown on the Jennings map of 1767 as a Toll gate later known as the Leathley Turnpike.(Keeper in 1871 Sarah Adamson aged 78, census)
2. By 1952 a police house which acted as the police station, was operating from 5 Wharfe View. It is possible it moved there after the demolition of the Leathley Turnpike, as Wharfe View was built some three years previously, in 1907. c.1920 P.C. Bobby Davies); 1947 P. C. Blythe 1952: P. C. Mick Hiley; P.C.Snowball; c1980 P.C.Morris.
3. Latterly a police house was purpose built at the junction of Church Lane and Church Garth c. 1980. This was vacated about 2000 and is now privately owned since then the village has not had a police station.
POOLE BRASS BAND is mentioned in the Leeds Mercury of 1857 “The remainder of the day was spent in exhilarating field amusements, enlivened by the Poole brass band.” And in 1858 “The members walked in procession, accompanied by the Poole Brass Band to the church”.
POOL VILLAGE ARCHIVES was established in 2005 by Pat Lazenby, as an off-shoot of the History of Pool Group which Pat Lazenby established in the year 2001. The funding of the archives was supplied from the profits from the sale of the book “Pool-in-Wharfedale – Pictures from the Past” by Pat Lazenby in 2003. The archive is housed, free of charge, in the Pool Memorial Hall for the benefit of the village. To ensure Pool Archives records were never lost, in 2015, as a gift from, and at the request of Pat Lazenby, Pool Parish Council agreed to accept Pool Archives into their safekeeping in perpetuity.
To celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth in 2012 a Heritage Walk was organized by Pool Archives, which took members of the public to see the old streets and historic houses of the village.
POOL SCHOOLS In 1675/6 a school for girls was run in Pool Hall, “a trifling Annuity, the gift of Mrs. Fleetham of Pool Hall, for teaching 6 children”.(D.D.). Evidence of teaching the village in 1679 by a schoolmaster graduate.(David Whiteley memoirs) James Thompson was a headmaster before 1821 (Bains Directory 1821). The 1841 census shows Dr. Joseph Curry (wife Sarah, son Matthew) was running a boys’ school in the Manor House (possibly a church school) with 17 pupils, Joseph Oldfield, was assisted by a medical student. Joseph Curry compiled a time-line of the bible events, the book called “Curry’s Chronological and Geographical Family Guide Holy Scriptures”, written in Dewsbury in 1846. A plaque is on the wall of St. Wilfrid’s church commemorating the death of his and his wife Sarah’s baby daughter Maryann Whitworth Curry who died in 1840 aged only 13 weeks.
In the early part of the nineteenth century various “Dame ” schools were run, c.1865 by Ann Kaye in No.3 Chapel Row. c.1845 by Sarah (1809-1865) and Ann Huddleston (1800-1871) – a school in Park Buildings.(Huddleston Notes I.30). Tabitha Ridealgh, (wife of Wm.Ridealgh-paper maker) on Old Post Office Row later moving to Mill Lane.. There was a large, very prolific orchard owned by Mr. Wood which ran from the school down to the river around 1873 (School Log) and Recollections of my Native Village -Holmes Whiteley)
1834 The incumbent for Pool’s Chapel of Ease was William John Ridsdale, who, at the aged of 30, was presented to the perpetual curacy of Pool, near Otley. Patron, the Rev. Ayscough Fawkes, Vicar of Otley. remaining in charge for 45 years and played a large part in the development of the school. (see Churches)
Early Head teachers
1872-1876 William Topps – Master, Jane Topps – Mistress.
1876 Jane White
1876-1888 George Noble
1888-1896 John Brunt
1896 -1923 Walter Wigglesworth
1870 Scheme for the new Pool National School, (National Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church) to be built on “Water Croft”. Cost of building the school was £400. The school was opened in 1872 on land, Water Croft, obtained in 1870 from Wm. Milthorp and executors of Michael Nicholson, Pool Mill owners. It was built on land conveyed to the minister and church wardens for that purpose.
1872 Pool Church of England School Founded through the endeavours of members of the village and the church. The curate of St. Wilfrid’s from 1834 was William John Ridsdale
1873 Smallpox in the school, scholars and teachers vaccinated
4th Dec.1879 the headmaster George Noble wrote: “The weather is so severe that the children are scarcely able to keep warm enough to write, although a large fire is kept. I have been obliged to exercise them with expansion movements and drill at least every half hour and even then some of the little ones have cried with cold. A good many absentees.”
1881 Infants School built. 27th April Headmaster moves into new school house. Arithmetic first worked on paper.
1882 New class room built.
1884 Children paid fees of 3d per week rising to 4d. before being abolished in 1891.
1908 March class photo
1904 Further extensions to the building, plus additions to playground (D.D.). These extensions probably due to the increased workers in the quarry, the railway and mills.
The field which was the playground was originally Wood’s orchard in 1874 and in 2001 when foundations were being laid for a skateboard park (paid for by Redrow Homes) many pieces of broken clay smoking pipes were found. A newspaper cutting c. 1880 states that Pool villagers were tired of so many picnickers on the banks of the Wharfe
- Became a Church of England Controlled school.
1972 £50,000 recommended to be paid for land by West Riding County Council for the building of a new school on Arthington Lane.
- Building of combined First and Middle school.
New school on Arthington Lane finished. Architect for Leeds City Council, Robin Cooper.
1975 16 July Formal opening of the new school by Chairman of the Pool Parish Council, David Whiteley.
2001.22nd Jan. The old school was burned down.
“The boys entrance was near the road end of the playground and there was a small cloakroom where we hung our coats with washbasins supplied with cold water. The main part of the building comprised Mrs. Wigglesworth’s classroom at the end adjoining the road with connecting door to the large main schoolroom. This itself was divided by a folding screen with the infants dept. at the far end from the road, the remainder in the middle of the school, holding Mr. Proctor’s classes. I do not now understand how he managed with every standard from 3 to 7 in one room. At the back was the larger girls cloakroom which was also used for medical and dental inspections, in the evening as the ladies base for refreshments for whist drives and dances. The school had an old boiler which sometimes gave trouble, when it failed we would be sent home if the weather was too cold. The caretaker, I remember, who used to struggle with it was Albert Whitehead. The toilets were outside across the playground and the lower part of the playground had only a very rough dirt surface.”Memories of the old school by David Whiteley c.1925.
POOL PARISH COUNCIL (Local Government Act established Parish Councils in 1894) April 24 1896 – “Parish Council Election. The first general annual meeting of the Parish Council was held on Friday evening last. The Rev. A. E. Meredith (the late Chairman) was appointed the Chairman and Mr. M. Barret, Vice Chairman of the year. Messrs. John Pullein and Herbert Pepper (A self employed carrier on the Ilkley railway lived at Brook Cottage, Mill Lane)were appointed overseers of the poor.” – Wharfedale Observer. The P.O. “Commercial” 1861 records “Thomas Cowley – Parish Clerk”.
On 14th Oct.1896 two members of P.P.C. joined Arthinton P.C. to walk Arthington bounds.
The rates in 1927 were 5s.5d. in the pound, made up of County 2s.6d., R.D.C.ls.6d., Poor rate 6d., Pool special rate 10d. and Parish council 1d. with responsibility for maintaining 2957 yards of local roads. i.e. The Staircase, Castley Lane, Mill Lane, Old Pool Bank, etc.(David Whiteley Memoirs)
In 1967 (Voting paper of John H. Whiteley) Parish of Pool covers 952 acres, Population approx 1650, rateable value (approx.) £48,000, 165 houses and 55 garages owned by the WRDC. After election of 1967 Pool will have 2 representatives on the RDC.
In 1968 58% of all houses in Pool were owned by RDC. In 1952 a fee of 1/-d was charged to view the Pool Minute Book.
In 2012 there were 983 houses in Pool in Wharfedale divided up into bands of council tax ranging from band A to H according to the valuation they held when the rating scheme was set up in 1991. 61.34% of homes in Pool in Wharfedale are rated in Bands A to D. Hazel Lee has been on the Council for over 20 years.(2016) Mrs. Joe Whiteley in 1930’s for 23 plus years. 2013 L.C.C. make proposal to build approx 550 new homes thus increasing size of village by 50% (2 Pool Parish Council meeting books)
POOL 2020 This was a village community group formed in June1999 for “the community of Pool-in-Wharfedale” attempting to improve conditions in the village in response to a Village Appraisal Report which highlighted the concerns and aspirations of the residents. These included traffic, road safety, development, crime, pollution and the environment. A monthly newspaper was first produced in May 2000 named Pool Vision. Reverted to bi-monthly in 2006. The group disbanded in Dec. 2006 but a Pool internet site continued alongside a few hard copies, named Pool e-news, in an attempt to inform residents of local events. Bernard Mitchinson was the original editor.
POOL-IN-WHARFEDALE RAILWAY & STATION was first owned by The North Eastern Railway Co. The railway and station were built in 1865 and closed down in 1965, now has Willow Court housing estate built on it. When the first station opened at Arthington it was called “Pool” station whilst Pool station was called “Farnley/Pool”. (map in York Railway museum) In 1927 the name “Pool” was replaced by Pool-in-Wharfedale. It was a busy station taking goods (rags, paper and pulp) too and from the paper mill, quarry stone, bricks, wooden logs (from the Fawkes estate at Leathley & Lindley), mail, milk, cattle, as well as all the passenger traffic. In fact by the early 1900’s an extra train for Leeds was warranted starting from the village. It also had a coal siding for Midgleys, Pool coal merchants and small shed where stonemasons worked on the stones from the quarries. There was a quarry rail line to the station and a hand operated crane, also a turntable or was it the crane which when removed after closing was found to weigh eight tons.
Apparently during the 2nd world war the king and queen stayed overnight in a railway carriage on Pool Station thought to be visiting Farnley Military Camp (Mr.Rider). The station was much used during this war, mainly for new tanks arriving from the Leeds factories to be transported to Riffa Camp, which were always moved during the night. The station and along the line to Arthington was constantly patrolled by the military.
Joseph Bateson, from White Croft, Arthington Lane, the Principal of Joseph Bateson and Son Ltd, The Roan Tannery, Meanwood. Leeds was one evening late in October 1941 being driven home in his Rolls Royce by his chauffeur down Pool Bank when the vehicle collided with an Army vehicle (tank) with no lights because of blackout restrictions, as it turned into the Station. A few days later he passed away. The Station Master c. 1940 was George Clapham. A tomb stone to a member of Pool station is in St. Wilfrid’s churchyard to Joseph Beaumont b. 1840 d. 1875. The reason for his death in unknown. He was living in Pool in 1871 and had previously been employed as a railway clerk in Leeds. John Cousin was railway porter at this time. (1871census) Frank Robson was Pool Station master in 1891. In 1911 W. England.
John H. Whiteley, local Councillor on the Wharfedale Rural District Council, tried in vain to get a reprieve for the line, even to the extent of having questions asked in the Houses of Parliament, but to no avail. (See full information in Pool-in-Wharfedale Railway)
POOL-IN-WHARFEDALE WATERWORKS CO. LTD. Pool had its own private water supply which had been owned by Michael Nicholson, who died 1858 but his estate was not sold until 1903. He had been the owner of Low Mill, paper mill of Pool, since 1809. It must therefore have been in operation before his death in 1858. The sale of the water works in 1903 included the water rights and tank on Pool Bank, at that time the income was £19.l.6d.and was bought by the Alfred L Whitehead who owned Bryn Afon (now Old Bank), and White House Farm on Old Pool Bank. It then passed to his daughters Amy and Gertrude. On 10th Aug. 1951 permission was given for a private company to be formed. Each householder bought a £2 share in the company. Pool Water Company supplied around 120 properties mainly on Main Street and Arthington Lane. At various times Oates, Tankards & Bernard Bolton serviced the system. In 1973 their administrative address was Westgate Arcade, Otley. The company was finally wound up in 1983 when the whole of Pool went on to the Council water supply. Shares for the company are still valid with the land on Pool Bank New Road still owned by the shareholders. (Comprehensive details & map available “Information” I-2-14,also in this book) *One day during the 1920’s there was a problem with the reservoir. A filter at the bottom of the tank had come lose. At that time Aldi Tankard had a lad “Little Bob” working for him. He undressed and swam to the bottom of the 8’ deep tank to repair the filter. During this time Miss Amy Whitehead, the then owner of the water company, arrived on the scene. This lady was elderly and one of the “old school”, who always wore a brown corduroy suit and a hat. Poor Bob remained in the water until she had gone. He was blue when he emerged. Spring water is very cold! (Roland Tankard) Full details in “A Village Water Supply”
1890 Image to be supplied of a balance sheet for the below
POOL READING & RECREATION CLUB May have been in old Fox and Hounds pub or part of Wesleyan Methodist Church, both on Chapel Row. Balance against the Club in 1889 was £7.16.10d.Rates 9s.2d. Fires, Lamps, etc. £1.5.11d. Secretary William Whiteley Treasurer Stephen Kaye
POOL VILLAGE MEMORIAL HALL was built on part of the approx. 10 acres of land, known as Sim Ing, (Cattbe Siming (1674) now known as Sim Ing or Town End Close in 1847.) (seeI.1.2a) previously owned by Tom Swallow of Troutbeck was bought in 1936 by William L. Whiteley of B.S.& W. Whiteley Ltd. expressly for the purpose of developing the site as a community and sports centre for the village. Because of the intervention of WW2 it was some 25 years, after it was first muted, that the hall was finally opened by the Countess of Harewood on 2nd Aug. 1958. The Hall was built to commemorate those people from Pool who served in WW2 and in memory of William L. Whiteley, one of the founding brothers of B.S.& W. Whiteley Ltd. In June 1943 even before the end of the war, collection of funds had begun and by 1948 the figure reached was £920. An interest free loan of £3,000 was agreed to be given by B. S..& W. Whiteley Ltd. as soon as the Village Hall Fund reached £3,000. The two sons of William L. Whiteley, Holmes and William, each donated £1,000 . A grant from the Government’s Education Department of £2,000 was also obtained.
Much fund raising needed to be undertaken by the villagers as it was anticipated, at that time, £13,000 would be needed. The money raised was recorded on a “Thermometer” erected on Stocks Hill. Fund raising consisted of “Smoking evenings” for men only, a brick for the Hall was sold in installments at 10p per week, the W.I. raised money. There were whist drives, dances, a balloon race competition, “The Golden Guinea ball”, tombolas, youth club pantomimes, fell race, Country Players, shops always giving gifts, etc. all contributing. But by July 1958 the amount raised seems to have been £11,400 and with costs now increased to £15,500, left a shortfall of over £3,500. By November 1958 the Village Memorial Hall was still in the red. In an attempt to reduce this deficit a two day “Christmas Fayre” was held. In all it took twenty years to collect the money needed to build the Hall. The original estimated cost in 1938 had been £3,000
The Hall was considered to have been so well designed by Chippendale & Edmondson, Bradford, that the Yorkshire Rural Community Council exhibited the drawings at the Great Yorkshire Show in 1955 and the National Council of Social Services at Reading, at that time believed to be the “largest and most modernly equipped Hall of its kind in the country”. The assembly Hall built to seat 234 persons with maple floor for dancing, badminton or table tennis and stage. The area was eventually made over by Whiteleys, to the village for its running and is a Charitable Trust 523803 run by volunteers from the village. It now houses a bar, stage, kitchen, floor for dances, karate, badminton, antique sales, indoor bowls, meetings, upstairs meeting room, men’s and ladies cloakrooms, yoga and occasional meetings of the History of Pool On 7th Sept. 2008 the 50th birthday celebrations were held in the Hall which included prizes for a school art competition presented by John Whiteley, only surviving grandson of one of the founder of Whitleys paper mill, William Lumb Whiteley. (see A Village at War”)
POST OFFICES 1. Old Post Office Row, (Fatticake Row, demolished) 2. Brook Cottage, Mill Lane. (Mrs. Joe Whiteley) 3. Present one Main Street. built c. 1925 by Fosters then owned by Nancy Laycock. 4. No.9 Wharfe View (the house with the steps and two columns – Albert Thomas Denton 1908 (still on census in in 1922) . 5. The cottage attached to the Manor House. 6. Church View, where the pharmacy now is.
On lst Jan 1929 Pool Parish Council was advised that “Pool-in-Wharfedale” would be used for postal and telegraph purposes. In 1968 to be known as “Pool-in-Wharfedale, Otley, Yorkshire”.
Pool Parish Council were notified by Leeds CC Forward Implementation on 6th Dec. 2013 “they have amended the locality name from Pool to Pool-in-Wharfedale. This change was available to customers in the February 2014 release of OS MasterMap.”
POOL CLOTHING CLUB 1873 Nov. 24th The Rev. J. W. Ridsdale called and left one pound one shilling (at Pool School) to be placed in the Yorkshire Penny Bank for the Pool Clothing Club
RECREATION GROUND. (R.G.M.C.) This is land off Arthington Lane and runs along the river to Pool Bridge now under the management of the R.G.M.C. (Recreation Ground Management Committee). Registered Charity No. 512427. A charitable trust run by volunteers.
In March 1934 Holmes Whiteley began a fund by giving £50 to provide playing fields for Pool children with “the people of Pool to increase the fund by four or five times”. (cutting). He said it was a disgrace that a village like Pool, surrounded by fields, should have no place for children to play.
In 1936 William L. Whiteley purchased 10 acres of land on the north side of Arthington Lane a field known as Sym Ings (Cattbe Siming (1674) now known as Sim Ing or Town End Close in 1847.)from the Swallow estate, for the purpose of developing the site as a community and sports centre for the village. The ground behind White Hart, owned by Tadcaster Tower Brewery was vacated in 1938, later used to build Millcroft estate.
The cricket ground was laid out by Conways of Halifax at a cost of £305 and fenced by S. Kaye & son for £139.13.11d. In Nov.1946 the process began to convey the land from .L.Whiteley Ltd. to William, & Holmes Whiteley and Sir Arthur Fleming to be held as a trust for the purpose of recreational purposes for the benefit of the inhabitants of Pool-in-Wharfedale. On 29th April1938 a new cricket ground opened on field, known as Sym Ings. W.L.Whiteley before his death, together with his sons, agreed to purchased the land so the company could provide the Pool cricket club with a new home.(David Whiteley Memoirs book in Archives)
In Jan 1967 John Holmes Whiteley with William Whiteley became joint trustees (Holmes and Fleming having died). In 1958 part of the land was transferred to the Village Hall. In September 1965 the land was officially transferred to the official Trustee of Charity Lands passed to Pool Parish Council and would be vested in a Management committee.(PPC minutes). On 28 April 1972 it was recommended that the West Riding County Council should purchase part of the land for the building of Pool School for the sum of £50,000 (fifty thousand pounds)
On 11th Sept. 1972 the trustees were John Holmes Whiteley, David Holmes Whiteley and Charles William Whiteley OBE when the Recreation Ground Trust came into active existence. The R.G.M.C. was formed in the 1973, it’s first recorded meeting on 15th March 1973. In due course the trusteeship was vested in the Public Custodian of Charities, i.e. The Charities Commission and the R.G.M.C. became the “Managing Trustees”.
In 1989 the property of the Trust was described as: 1. Cricket field and score box and adjoining building. 2. The tennis courts. 3. The practice football field. 4. Pool water mill (corn mill) and adjoining picnic area and children’s playground and equipment. 5. The field to the west of the mill side O.S. plot no., 5245 (tenanted by Mr. D. Pullein- Farmer). 6. Fishing rights on Trust property along the south bank of the Wharfe.
In 1991 the “Friends of Pool Recreation Ground Association” was formed amongst other reasons “To promote and encourage development and maintenance of the Pool Recreation Ground.” (I.4.39). This was disbanded c. 2008. A number of trees were donated by members of the village to celebrate the 25th Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth which were planted around 3 sides of the cricket field. A millennium tree was planted in 2001.
To commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of the Queen in 2012 a copse of trees was planted by children from Pool School alongside the old corn mill. Trees planted are: hazel, rowan, hawthorn, dogwood, cherry and oak. In Nov 2015 a special Yew tree sapling was donated to the village by the Conservation Trust to commemorate 800 years since the signing of the Magna Carta.
In July 2012 a new changing room for the football club was officially opened by Leeds United legend Eddie Gray. £34,400 grant was from the Football Foundation. Other organisations contributed to the project, Green Leeds, Leeds Wellbeing, The Kirkby Foundation and Pool Parish Council £5,000, and the R.G.M.C. The club also raised £5,000. (See Riverside Park)
SCOUTS, CUBS, SEA-SCOUTS, GUIDES, BROWNIES. In the year 2000 none of these activities take place. For many years the scouts, cubs and for a short time sea scouts held their meetings in a building at the Old Pool Bank entrance to Pool Hall, (demolished) later moving to the old school. The guides in the early 1920’s held their meetings in Plainville/Park House/Monkmans, run by Miss Snowdon; in the 1940’s by Miss Jean Whiteley ; in the 1970’s on Avenue des Hirondelle by Miss Morgan.
SEWAGE WORKS – POOL . In 1903 £3,000 was borrowed to lay the sewage works and filter beds at Arthington, by March 1934 all but £300 remained outstanding.
A new sewage disposal works was constructed at Arthington by the Wharfedale Rural District Council. The scheme was submitted in February 1963 and completed in 1967. The main contractors were H.O. Andrews Ltd Leeds, 8. The official opening took place on 28th August 1968 with a coach tour of the works. After refreshments, toasts, etc. were made at Pool Village Memorial Hall.
SKATE BOARD PARK opened in May 2002 with 20 skateboarders competing for prizes. The park was paid for by money designated to the village from developer Redrow Homes, following housing development at Swallow Drive. A survey carried out by Harry Wardman showed young people of the village would like their own skate board park.
SLAUGHTER HOUSE was at the back of the Half Moon between there and the Half Moon Garage. When the Half Moon, also a farm in 1817, run by Samuel Stead, Joseph Stead & Co ran a butchers shop. There was a “Pining House” (a place where livestock was put for a day prior to slaughter to remove all body waste) and a wash house for local villagers to wash clothes, all built of red brick which replaced the original stone built slaughter house which was attached to the Half Moon. Billy Tankard had his butchers shop on the south side of the Half Moon. c. 1910. Bought from him by Eddie Yeadon and then George Middlemas, later Alan Jepson. In 1930’s Joe Whiteley had his butchers shop on Stocks Hill. before moving here.
STAGE COACHES In 1816 a coach named the Royal Pilot ran daily between York and Liverpool taking 18 hours. It travelled via Harewood, Weardley, Pool and Otley where the four horses which had brought the coach from Wetherby were changed and stabled at the White Horse, Otley which had stabling for 60 horses. A new team took the coach to Skipton where it awaited the return coach from Liverpool. Another coach also named the Royal Pilot left the Talbot Inn, Market Place Leeds each morning at 7.30 a.m. to meet up at the White Horse Otley. (F.M.) The “Royal Wharfedale” took the same route in 1822, this time taking 15 hours. (Tracks & Roads in a Yorkshire Parish by Don Cole)
TAXI SERVICE was operated by Reginald Fairburn c. 1910. He also used his horse and carriage for weddings and funerals. Reginald Fairburn had run the Corn Mill c.1890; the Half Moon, when it was a café and did bed and breakfast. His family moved to 5 Chevin View and ran the Arthington telephone exchange c. 1919. Later when motor transport arrived he had a vehicle repair business and was chauffeur for Whiteley’s mill. John Abrahams also had a taxi service which operated from Stocks Hill. At one time he kept his taxi in the old granary store attached to the White Hart. Suttons, St. Wilfrid’s terrace, ran a taxi service from c. 1990-2009
TELEPHONE EXCHANGE for many years to 1977 it was at 5, Chevin View. Originally the Arthington telephone exchange operated from the first house on the left going up Creskeld Lane in Arthington. It was in operation in 1898 when Whiteleys Mill phone no. was Arthington 2.
The first telephone exchange was opened in London in 1879.
Around 1919 it had moved to Pool-in-Wharfedale, using the front room of 5, Chevin View, which was operated by Reginald Fairburn and his wife Fanny, who had run the old corn mill on Mill Lane and later the Half Moon. “Five of my brothers and sisters had been born by now and eventually the family moved down the village to 5, Chevin View, which was then the Telephone Exchange. My mother and father took over as caretakers, and I know at that time only a handful of people were on the phone. A bell would ring during the night when someone needed a call and the unlucky person who woke would have to go downstairs to connect the said call. By now the family had increased to seven, myself being the last to be born in the Telephone Exchange in 1919.” Barbara Webb, nee Fairburn
Herbert Pickersgill lived here. married Elizabeth in 1913, they had two children. He had moved to Pool around 1935, which was after WW1 in which Herbert had been badly injured in the battle of the Somme, losing his right leg.
Later the Adams family, Mr.&Mrs.Adams and three maiden daughters. For story of the family (see Families – John Metcalf))
“The Adams family later took over still operating from Chevin View.Pool played a crucial role because of the Arthington exchange which was manually operated from the front room of 5 Chevin View. Mr. & Mrs. Adams and 3 maiden daughters lived there. Eleanor helped in house, Maisie was superintendent also known as Miss “Day” Adams and Emily was Miss “Night” Adams. Emily was a great character known only through her voice and a mine of information. She would get your number but often recognised your voice, tell you which cinema had best films, tell you if it was foggy by the river and even give medical advice to avoid calling the doctor.
For our practice the telephone exchange was ideally located at the road junction and it was likely that one of us would pass that way so Magna (practice receptionist/dispenser) or a wife would leave an urgent message at the exchange who would then hoist a yellow duster in the window which meant “call and pick up message”. (Dr. John Metcalfe)
The exchange moved to Pool Bank New Road when the new automatic exchange became part of the Leeds trunk system and in 1977 all Arthington tel. nos. had 84 added to front of existing ones.
During WW2, there was difficulty when trying to phone as the operators would think you had said “Arlington”,)
Many attempts were made to change the name of the exchange from Arthington to Pool. In Sept.1960 it was stated that people using the exchange was made up of 41% from Pool: 45% Bramhope:
7% Arthington: 7% Stainburn, Leathley, Castley, etc.(Pool parish council notes)
A new exchange was built on the Avenue des Hirondelles in 1977.
Known Arthington exchange telephone numbers were:
1 Post box outside the telephone exchange.
2 Whiteleys Mill (1898); Changed to 100 Arthington Exchange c. 1915
4 Pool Manor House c. 1902) ;
7 The Cross Café Bramhope (1949);
19 (Coopers 1947) Pool Post Office; Turners P.O. 1960
28 Stephen Kaye Son Ltd. saw mill; (1958)
46 Pulleins (Lords of the Manor)-;
79 Police Station, 5 Wharfe View
80 Tankard Electricians;
83 W.K. & A. Rider, off-licence (now the pharmacy); R. Midgley & Son, Main St. (1956)
105 Pool Bridge Motor Co. (1956)
110 G.A. & G.W. Swift (1949) Bramhope;
113 White Garage, Old Pool Bank ;
146 C.H.Speed (North View Stores now cottages opposite the White Hart formerly the number used by Neville Gladstone who moved to the shop from Mill Lane) );
165 G.A. Thackwray & Sons;
166 Otley School of motoring (tuition by RAC registered instructor) who resided at ‘Old Bank’ Pool.
171 R. Tankard (1956)
172 George Middlemiss, butcher (1956)
196 Overdale, Old Pool Bank (1950) Holmes Whiteley. (now Overdale Manor originally The Prospect)
202 Fox, Candlesby, Otley Rd;
203 Hutchinson’s Bramhope newsagents 1949;
256 John A. Pickles Bramhope (1956)
259 Riley & Peirson (Electrical) Ltd. Bramhope (1949);
262 Bell, painter & decorator(1947);
264 Ridealgh Stores, Main St. (1947)–:
296 Bramhope Motor Co.;
318 Half Moon Garage & Café (1947)
344 Robert Midgley and Son, coal & haulage contractors (also 83 see above)
(Where appropriate those from Bramhope are so marked, the rest are from Pool)
TEMPERANCE SOCIETY Meetings were being held in 1904 run by St. Wilfrid’s Church. Summer trips were held. (St. Wilfrid’s Parish Magazine 1904)
WESLEYAN BAND OF HOPE meetings were held in 1896. They held concerts in the school room. (Wharfedale Observer 1896)
WHARFEDALE COURT A block of sheltered housing built by the Wharfedale Rural District Council on the site of Old Post Office Row also known as Fatticake Row. The official opening took place on 22nd March 1974. Re-fitted in 2009. For a short time during 2011 it was open to the village to buy fresh vegetables on Thursdays. W.I. and History of Pool Group meetings held there. Won the best decorated house in QE11 Diamond Jubilee celebrations in 2012. 2015 Four further flats were made from the previous conversion which had been left untouched. During renovations to an adjacent, disused part of W.C. in 2016 an old well, 2 meters across and 9 meters deep, was discovered which is shown on the 1847 map. According to writings, the area was the village green stretching from west of the White Hart to Mill Lane. The Pool Feast (operating in 1727) was held here with stalls stretching from Stocks Hill to the Half Moon with races being held on Mill Lane.